Jun. 28, 2021

twinflower, Linnaea borealis

Twinflower was blooming profusely last week when the Botany Club went north. Today begins a run of images from that trip to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Twinflower has a circumboreal distribution, and occurs farther south in mountains. Its stems run along the ground and form large patches. Twinflower was named to honor Carl Linnaeus, founder of the modern binomial system of naming organisms. This species was first formally published using the binomial system in Linnaeus' Species Plantarum in 1753. Because of that the name is formally followed by 'L.', indicating the first author to use it. But the Dutch botanist Gronovius had used the name Linnaea for twinflower previously, so Linnaeus wasn't the first to bestow the honor. In North America, twinflower grows in AK, CA, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, UT, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY, across Canada, and on GL and SPM. Emmet Co MI, 6/18/21. Twinflower family, Linnaeaceae.